Forgot your password?
  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
  • default color
  • green color
  • red color


Oct 02nd
Home Sections History Revisiting (and Reclassifying) the Filipino-American War
Revisiting (and Reclassifying) the Filipino-American War PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 6
Sections - History
Written by Bobby M. Reyes   
Saturday, 18 December 2010 13:26


T his writer belongs to an e-forum (not a discussion group) where members exchange (by e-mail) dialogues and tidbits of information on any topic. Last Monday, Dec. 13, 2010, Fred Natividad of Livonia, Michigan, forwarded to the e-group an e-mail from Nestor Palugod Enriquez about the “Philippine American War—1898-1902.”

Mr. Enriquez alerted Manong Fred about the work of Arnaldo Dumindin that was entitled “Philippine-American War, 1899-1902.”


I e-mailed Manong Fred my comments about the thread. Here is a reproduction of my inputs:



D ear Manong Fred and Fellow Members of our E-forum:


Thank you, Manong Fred, for letting us know of the said tidbit about Philippine history.


1.0    Arnaldo Dumindin must have referred only to the Christian phase of the Filipino-American War (FAW, from Feb. 4, 1899-July 4, 1902).


2.0    We at the Philippine History Group of Los Angeles (PHGLA, as cofounded by Ka Hector Santos and Victor Nebrida) have actually reclassified in the late 1990s the FAW into two phases: the Christian FAW and the Muslim FAW (that started sometime in 1899 to 1913 or even longer). The Muslim inhabitants of Mindanao never actually surrendered to the American colonial authorities even during the time of Gen. John J. Pershing. And to date, Christian historians of the Philippines and even the self-proclaimed historical buffs (short for buffoons) of the Filipino-American National Historical Society (FANHS) never bothered to take into account the war waged by our Muslim brethren in Mindanao against the Americans.


        2.1    Proof of the Muslim phase of the FAW? Please just Google the biography of Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing and you will read (during his second stint in the Philippines) his role in Mindanao as the military governor and in-charge of the war against the Muslim nationalists, to wit:


                    QUOTE: Upon returning to the United States at the end of 1909, Pershing was assigned once again to the Philippines, an assignment which he served until 1912. While in the Philippines, he served as Commander of Fort McKinley, near Manila, and also was the governor of the Moro Province. (UNQUOTE).


        2.2    Here is what I wrote in passing about General Pershing in this article,

 Reinventing the Philippine Military to Prevent the Coming of a Junta




                    QUOTE. Even during the American occupation of the Philippines, some of West Point’s best and brightest graduates could not defeat the Moro warriors. Gen. John J. “Black Jack” Pershing, with his training in West Point and in the Indian Wars, became the top leader of the American forces in Mindanao (actually the island's military governor) in the 1910s during the Muslim phase of the Filipino-American War. (The Christian phase of the Filipino-American War that started on Feb. 4, 1899, ended on July 4, 1902.) But he failed. General “Black Jack” could not earn a 21-gun salute and defeat the native Filipino-Muslim warriors. And there was no way of turning the pacification campaign into genocide. General Pershing failed to make a name in Mindanao. He became, however, the celebrated American hero in Europe during World War I, where he was sent after his undistinguished career in Mindanao. UNQUOTE.


3.0    Perhaps, Ms. Amina Rasul and Sultan Rudy Dianalan, our good friends in the Filipino-Muslim community, and Ka Alex Kho, a Tausug-Filipino leader, can make the proper representations with the Philippine National Historical Commission to change formally the official account of the FAW, so as to divide it truthfully and factually into two phases, i.e., the Christian and the Muslim periods.


        3.1    Ms. Amina and Sultan Rudy are given BCCs of this e-mail. Ka Alex is a member of our e-forum.


4.0    Please check the PHGLA website at this URL:


For the record,


Lolo Bobby M. Reyes


Charter Member, PHGLA, and

Co-founder, Philippine-American National Hysterical Society (PANHS, the satirical nemesis of the FANHS)


BCC: PHGLA Founders and Members


In a message dated 12/13/2010 8:55:34 A.M. Pacific Standard Time, Fred Nati writes:


T hanks for sharing. I may have seen this before - I am not sure. Still, being a student of Philippine history, I will find it interesting to look it up. I sent this blind to others, too. A look at our past does not hurt our plans into the future.

, Michigan

On Mon, 12/13/10, Nestor Palugod Enriquez wrote:

From: Nestor Palugod Enriquez
Subject: Philippine American War-1898-1902
To: Fred Natividad
Date: Monday, December 13, 2010,
11:02 AM

This is the largest photographic collection of this period in 1899-1902 that I have seen. It will take you from Ilocos to Jolo just in case you have not seen it yet. Anyone interested should check this site.

Philippine-American War, 1899-1902

by Arnaldo Dumindin



Any comment from our readers?


(To be continued . . .)


Newer news items:
Older news items:

Last Updated on Saturday, 18 December 2010 13:29
Comments (6)
1 Saturday, 18 December 2010 14:06
Subject: Re: Phil-American War-1898-1902 (2) -- Refers Not to the Muslim Phase of the War
To: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

This is the largest photographic collection of this period in 1899-1902. Anyone interested should check this site. Over hundred of photos ...Jim Zwick was an authority on the life of Mark Twain.. This lead to Jim’s focusing on the American intervention of the Philippines. His vast library fittingly called boondock became the early bible of the Philippine-American war in the internet. That website is gone now, Arnaldo Dumindin website has more than enough to replace it as the most-valuable resource available on line.

The sheer number of photographs is overwhelming. It tells all, with some before and after effects. You will be treated with historical snapshots from Ilocos, Cagayan, to southern Luzon, to Bohol, and Mindanao. I am more impressed by the events in black and white than the text. The bells Balangiga and Baler are mute but you can see them here. The Philippines became the testing ground of the great American Generals. Human side bar stories like ...

General Lawton who captured the Indian Chief Geronimo but was killed in the Phil-American war by the forces of the Filipino rebel leader name Geronimo. Mark Twain and New York Times wrote the capture of Aquinaldo by General Funston. Mark Twain died before he can tell you that both have sons, Funston Jr and Aguinaldo Jr who went to West Point NY in 1923. Both cadets graduated on the same class. I already read it before but seeing the pictures of these two cadets together was more telling.

The US would become world power. The supreme commanders of great World Wars would get on the job training in the Philippines. General Funston died before he could get the appointment to lead the Allied forces in the WWI. General Pershing got it instead, the role that Eisenhower played later WWII.

I am not going to say that Black Jack Pershing exploit in Mindanao was a complete failure. Moros respected the Americans more than any invaders in their homeland. Pershing controversial legacy was more than John Shinn of the early SCF ;-). What happened to him?

You can already tell that I like pictorials, writing history sometimes texts are biased. Depending when and where the writer points, passion, and agenda.. take your time and scan >>>>>

Nestor Palugod Enriquez
Coming to America
2 Saturday, 18 December 2010 14:09
F. Y. I. -----

A book came out in early 1980, "Sitting in Darkness, Americans in the Philippines, (ISBN 0-14-008992-6)" by David Haward Bain. Bain is apparently a fan of Mark Twain, hence the title. It is about how Col. Frederick Funston captured General Aguinaldo at Palanan with immense help from Macabebes and Filipino turncoats.

The book mentions that Funston was slated to lead American forces in Europe in WW 1 but he died of a heart attack and General Pershing, also a veteran in the Philippine American War, took Funston's place.

I found the book a nice supplement to the stories told by the pictures below. A review of Bain's book by the Philadelphia Inquirer looked very appropriate:

"... combination of historical romance and contemporary adventure..."

Fred Natividad
Livonia, Michigan
3 Tuesday, 15 February 2011 15:57
RE: Eliseo Silva’s Memorial on Fil-Am War of 1899-1913. Eliseo got the years right but he must tell viewers that it consisted of 2 phases: Christian-Filipino (1899-1902) & the Muslim phase of the Fil-Am War (1899 to 1913 or even longer). For details, pls read

(As posted in the
4 Sunday, 20 February 2011 07:51
I'm the creator of

Yes, you're right. I'm only referring to the Christian phase of the Filipino-American War. I consider the Moro-American War as deserving a separate chronicle. In fact, I'm preparing a web site that covers Moro resistance until 1913; I just don't have enough materials yet.
5 Sunday, 27 March 2011 02:54
I would like to comment on Mr. Enriquez information on the sons of two of the prominent personalities of the Phil-Am War.
Though both of them entered at the same time (Class of 1927) at West Point in 1923, only Funston,Jr. graduated in 1927. Emilio, Jr, war first turned back (joined the next lower class) for deficiency in Math. Joining the class of 1928 on June 23, 1924, he eventually resigned on Sept. 18, 1924.

Rafael S. Torres
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
6 Sunday, 27 March 2011 03:13
I would like to comment on Mr. Nestor P. Enriquez on Emilio, Jr. And Frederick Jr.
Both of them entered West Point in July 1923 joining the Class of 1927. However it was only Frederick, Jr. who graduated in that class.
Emilio,Jr. was at first turned-back (joined the next lower class-1928), due to deficiency in Math. He joined that class on June 23, 1924 but eventually resigned on Sept. 18, 1924.

Rafael S. Torres
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Add your comment

Your name:
Your email:
Comment (you may use HTML tags here):

Quote of the Day

There is no mistake so great as that of always being right !!!~My Fortune Cookie