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Feb 04th
Dividing the Fil-Am War into Christian and Muslim Phases PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Bobby Reyes   
Monday, 13 December 2010 18:39
Dear Manong Fred and Fellow Members of our E-forum: Thank you, Manong Fred, for letting us know of the said tidbit about Philippine history. 1.0 Arnaldo Dumindin must have referred only to the Christian phase of the Filipino-American War (from Feb. 4, 1899-July 4, 1902). 2.0 We at the Philippine History Group of Los Angeles (PHGLA, as cofounded by Ka Hector Santos and Victor Nebrida) have actually reclassified in the late 1990s the FAW into two phases: the Christian FAW and the Muslim FAW (that started sometime in 1899 to 1913 or even longer). The Muslim inhabitants of Mindanao never actually surrendered to the American colonial authorities even during the time of Gen. John J. Pershing. And to date, Christian historians of the Philippines and even the self-proclaimed historical buffs (short for buffoons) of the Filipino-American National Historical Society (FANHS) never bothered to take into account the war waged by our Muslim brethren in Mindanao against the Americans. 2.1 Proof of the Muslim phase of the FAW? Please just Google the biography of Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing and you will read (during his second stint in the Philippines) his role in Mindanao as the military governor and in-charge of the war against the Muslim nationalists, to wit: QUOTE: Upon returning to the United States at the end of 1909, Pershing was assigned once again to the Philippines, an assignment which he served until 1912. While in the Philippines, he served as Commander of Fort McKinley, near Manila, and also was the governor of the Moro Province. (UNQUOTE). 2.2 Here is what I wrote in passing about General Pershing in this article, Reinventing the Philippine Military to Prevent the Coming of a Junta URL: QUOTE. Even during the American occupation of the Philippines, some of West Point’s best and brightest graduates could not defeat the Moro warriors. Gen. John J. “Black Jack” Pershing, with his training in West Point and in the Indian Wars, became the top leader of the American forces in Mindanao (actually the island's military governor) in the 1910s during the Muslim phase of the Filipino-American War. (The Christian phase of the Filipino-American War that started on Feb. 4, 1899, ended on July 4, 1902.) But he failed. General “Black Jack” could not earn a 21-gun salute and defeat the native Filipino-Muslim warriors. And there was no way of turning the pacification campaign into genocide. General Pershing failed to make a name in Mindanao. He became, however, the celebrated American hero in Europe during World War I, where he was sent after his undistinguished career in Mindanao. UNQUOTE. 3.0 Perhaps, Ms. Amina Rasul and Sultan Rudy Dianalan, our good friends in the Filipino-Muslim community, and Ka Alex Kho, a Tausug-Filipino leader, can make the proper representations with the Philippine National Historical Commission to change formally the official account of the FAW, so as to divide it truthfully and factually into two phases, i.e., the Christian and the Muslim periods. 3.1 Ms. Amina and Sultan Rudy are given BCCs of this e-mail. Ka Alex is a member of our e-forum. 4.0 Please check the PHGLA website at this URL: For the record, Lolo Bobby M. Reyes Editor,, Charter Member, PHGLA, and Co-founder, Philippine-American National Hysterical Society (PANHS, the satirical nemesis of the FANHS) BCC: PHGLA Founders and Members In a message dated 12/13/2010 8:55:34 A.M. Pacific Standard Time, writes: Thanks for sharing. I may have seen this before - I am not sure. Still, being a student of Philippine history, I will find it interesting to look it up. I sent this blind to others, too. A look at our past does not hurt our plans into the future. Fred Natividad Livonia, Michigan =Say nanlapuan lingawen pian antay arapen. =Alamin ang pinang-galingan upang malaman ang paro-roonan. =Know where we had been to guide us where we are going. --- On Mon, 12/13/10, NestorPalugod Enriquez wrote: From: NestorPalugod Enriquez Subject: Philippine American War-1898-1902 To: "A N" Date: Monday, December 13, 2010, 11:02 AM This is the largest photographic collection of this period in 1899-1902 that I have seen. It will take you from Ilocos to Jolo just in case you have not seen it yet. Anyone interested should check this site. Philippine-American War, 1899-1902 by Arnaldo Dumindin

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If a man will begin with certainties,he shall end with doubts;but if he will be content to begin with doubts,he shall end in certainties.-- Sir Francis Bacon, 1561-1626